Kommunernes rolle i storskala-projekter

21. februar 2013: Det gælder om at stå så stærkt som muligt på lokalsamfundets side i projekter, der mere end nogensinde vil få indflydelse på tværs af regionale grænser, siger KANUKOKA's formand Martha Abelsen.


Mens IBA-forhandlingerne omkring jernmineprojektet ved Isukasia er sat på standby på grund af ud­skrivelsen af valg til Inatsisartut, er det passende at få understreget betydningen af kom­mu­­­ner­nes indflydelse i denne og andre aftaler omkring projekter af den skala. Det gælder om at stå så stærkt som muligt på lokalsamfundets side i projekter, der mere end nogensinde vil få indflydelse på tværs af regionale grænser.

IBA står for Impact Benefit Agreement, en trepartsaftale (mellem regering, det vil sige Naalakker­­­suisut, mi­neselskab og kommunale myndigheder) om landets udbytte hvad angår rekruttering af virksomheder og arbejdskraft, udvikling af arbejdskraft, uddannelse m.v.

Sådanne aftaler i forbindelse med Cairn's olieboreaktiviteter blev indgået med tre af kommunerne som parter (Qaasuitsup Kommunia, Qeqqata Kommunia og Kommuneqarfik Sermersooq), i erkendelse af at alle kommuner blev påvirket og kunne bidrage - selvom aktiviteterne i første runde alene foregik i farvandet ud for Qaasuitsup Kommunia.

Aktiviteterne berørte stort set alle regionerne i landet, og både Nuuk havn i Kommuneqarfik Sermersooq og Lufthavnen i Kangerlussuaq i Qeqqata Kommunia blev anvendt i forbindelse med aktiviteterne. I høringsproceduren argumenterede KANUKOKA som den fælleskommunale organisation for, at Kommune Kujalleq også skulle være medunderskriver af aftalen.

Råstoffer er i de seneste år for alvor kommet til at præge arbejdet på kommunalt plan. Der har været byger af høringer, som man har forholdt sig til på en forsvarlig måde. Og dette kræver tid og ressourcer.

Således er der med opbakning fra borgmestrene og de øvrige medlemmer af KANU­KO­KA's bestyrelse sidste år dannet en fælleskommunal, administrativ råstofgruppe, der sikrer samarbejde og nød­­­vendig vidensdeling omkring sager og spørgsmål på området.

Samtidig er nødvendigheden af fælleskommunal indflydelse i IBA-aftaler været til drøftelse under flere be­styrelsesmøder i KANUKOKA i løbet af vinteren. Udover at der internt mellem kom­munerne skal sikres almindelig erfaringsudveksling og inddragelse, er der et stærkt ønske om, at alle berørte kom­muner - og dermed ikke kun hjemkommunen for det pågældende projekt - får reel medindflydelse som forhandlingsparter i aftalen med mineselskabet og Selvstyret.

Hvad angår jernmineprojektet ved Isukasia i Kommuneqarfik Sermersooq er der således mellem alle kommunerne opbakning til, at også Qeqqata Kommunia på grund af den geografiske nærhed deltager i forhandlingerne med London Mining og Selvstyret.

Det harmonerer da også med tanken om, at de aktuelle projekter omkring olie- og andre råstofforekomster er så gigantisk store og så gennemgribende i forhold til det grønlandske samfund, at vi alle bør tage ansvar, bidrage og have indflydelse i den forbindelse.

Det var også det, jeg tænkte på, da jeg ved et indlæg om den lokale deltagelse i olie- og mineindustrien i seminaret Arctic Dialogue i efteråret 2011 slog til lyd for, at det offentlige opfylder en rolle som fødselshjælper for de lokale initiativer. Det sker ved at opmuntre til omstillingsparat­hed, dygtiggørelse, flid og foretagsomhed.

Dette ansvar for at tilskynde til lokalt engagement vil blive fremhævet yderligere ved at give kom­munerne en bred og stærk indflydelse på IBA-aftalerne, der er så afgørende for Grønlands udbytte af råstofaktiviteterne i landet på lang sigt.

Med venlig hilsen

Martha Abelsen
Formand for KANUKOKA

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